Allowance For Bad Debt
Also known as "loan-loss reserve."
The allowance-for-bad-debt account is needed because the face value of a bank's loans are not the actual value, since a certain portion of those assets can be reasonably predicted to go bad.
Increases to the allowance for bad debt are made by periodic loan-loss provisions, which replenish the allowance and are recorded on the income statement as an expense. The use of the allowance method tends to smooth bank earnings, which otherwise might undergo unusual fluctuations when loans that have deteriorated over long periods of time are charged off together in a single period.
Investment dictionary. Academic. 2012.
Look at other dictionaries:
allowance for bad debt — /əˌlaυəns fə bæd det/ noun provision made in a company’s accounts for debts which may never be paid … Dictionary of banking and finance
Bad debt — A bad debt is an amount that is written off by the business as a loss to the business and classified as an expense because the debt owed to the business is unable to be collected, and all reasonable efforts have been exhausted to collect the… … Wikipedia
Bad Debt Recovery — A debt from a loan, credit line or accounts receivable that is recovered either in whole or in part after it has been written off or classified as a bad debt. Because it generally generates a loss when it is written off, a bad debt recovery… … Investment dictionary
Bad Debt Expense — An entry found on a business s income statement that represents the amount of noncollectable accounts receivable that occurs in a given period. In terms of accounting entries, every time an amount increases bad debt expense, an equivalent amount… … Investment dictionary
bad debt — An *accounts receivable balance whose collection is doubtful. Under most systems of *Generally Accepted Accounting Principles, an *allowance for bad debts is raised to acknowledge the reduced likelihood of recoverability of a customer balance.… … Auditor's dictionary
Allowance For Credit Losses — An estimation of the debt that a company is unlikely to recover. The allowance for credit losses is from the perspective of the selling company that extended credit to its buyers. A certain amount of credit losses can be anticipated, and these… … Investment dictionary
Bad Debt — A debt that is not collectible and therefore worthless to the creditor. This occurs after all attempts are made to collect on the debt. Bad debt is usually a product of the debtor going into bankruptcy or where the additional cost of pursuing the … Investment dictionary
allowance — al‧low‧ance [əˈlaʊəns] noun 1. [countable] an amount of money that someone is given regularly or for a special reason: • She earns a package worth $1 million, including a $15,000 clothing allowance. ˌcost of ˈliving alˌlowance [countable] HUMAN… … Financial and business terms
Accounts receivable — (A/R) is one of a series of accounting transactions dealing with the billing of customers who owe money to a person, company or organization for goods and services that have been provided to the customer. In most business entities this is… … Wikipedia
NextCard — NextCard, Inc. was a United States company that was one of the first issuers of credit cards online, and the first to offer instant online approval. Its headquarters were located in San Francisco, California and maintained offices in Livermore,… … Wikipedia